Developmental Psychopathology Lab Home

1. Pathways to Antisocial Behavior

2. Temperament and Parenting

3. Evidence-based Assessment

Tests and Measures






Lexical Decision Task


Reward Dominance Task

Emotional Pictures Dot-Probe Task



Contact Information






Return to Psychology Department

Return to UNO Homepage



University of New Orleans
Department of Psychology
Geology/Psychology Bldg Lakefront Campus
2000 Lakeshore Drive
New Orleans, LA 70148

Phone: (504) 280-6291
Fax: (504) 280-6049

Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits

The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) is a copyright protected 24-item questionnaire designed to provide a comprehensive assessment of callous and unemotional traits.  These traits have proven to be important for designating a distinct subgroup group of antisocial and aggressive youth.   The ICU has three subscales:  Callousness, Uncaring, and Unemotional.   There are five versions of the scale:  Youth Self-Report, Parent Report, Teacher Report, Parent Report (Preschool Version), and Teacher Report (Preschool Version).  Researchers can download and use the ICU free of charge in their work.   My only request is that copies of any publications using the ICU are sent to me at

There is no manual for the ICU.   Several studies which describe the development of the scale, its subscale structure, and initial tests of its validity can be obtained here.

Ciucci, E., Baroncelli, A., Franchi, M., Golmaryami, F.N., & Frick, P.J. (2014).  The association between callous-unemotional traits and behavioral and academic adjustment in children:  Further validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 36, 189-200.

Kimonis, E.R., Fanti, K., Goldweber, A., Marsee, M.A., Frick, P.J., & Cauffman, E.  (2014). Callous-unemotional traits in incarcerated adolescents.  Psychological Assessment, 26, 227-237.

Roose, A., Bijttbier, P., Decoene, S., Claes, L., & Frick, P.J. (2010). Assessing the affective features of psychopathy in adolescence: A further validation of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits.  Assessment, 17, 44-57.

Fanti, K.A. Frick, P.J., & Georgiou, S. (2009). Linking callous-unemotional traits to instrumental and non-instrumental forms of aggression. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31,285-298.

Kimonis, E.R., Frick, P.J., Skeem, J., Marsee, M.A., Cruise, K., Munoz, L.C. Aucoin, K.J. & Morris, A.S.  (2008). Assessing callous-unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: Validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits.  Journal of the International Association of Psychiatry and Law, 31, 241-251.

Essau, C.A., Sasagawa, S., & Frick, P.J. (2006). Callous-unemotional traits in a community sample of adolescents.  Assessment, 13, 454-469.

Other examples of how the ICU has been scored and used in past research and additional evidence in support of its reliability and validity can be obtained from a number of published studies using the scale.  These are summarized in this reference list.  

There have been a number of approved translations of the ICU.  These are summarized in this list of translations.  This list also includes contact information for obtaining the translated versions of the scale.  


Back To Top

Updated 12/02/2014